Establishing good health habits means you may enjoy a longer, healthier, happier life. And by getting recommended health checks as at when due, you can improve your chances of preventing health problems throughout your life. In addition to the regular checks, you were getting in your 20s (As discussed last week). Here are some Health checks for women in their 30’s and 40s
CHOLESTEROL AND GLUCOSE LEVELS
Elevated blood levels of cholesterol and/or glucose contribute to your risk of developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Predominantly as you reach the second half of your thirties, the effects of unhealthy behaviours such as smoking and/or poor diet can start to manifest. If you are over age 40 and overweight or have a family history of diabetes, you should be screened for diabetes. Your Doctor will recommend a more regular screening and also request a urine sample to check for the presence of ketones, chemicals that build up in the body if you’re diabetic.
Regular self-checks is important, it provides you with the opportunity to notice changes more easily. Things to look for include changes in the size or shape of the breast or nipple, changes in the skin over the breast such as redness or dimpling, lumps or lumpiness. If you have a family history of breast cancer discuss with your doctor how frequently you need breast cancer screening, a mammogram can be arranged if required.
After age 40 a rectal exam should be performed in addition to your yearly pelvic exam. This involves inspecting the wall between your rectum and vagina for abnormal growths, polyps, haemorrhoids or blood in the rectum itself. Women who have a family history of colorectal cancer should talk to their doctors about any additional tests they should have.
An eye exam will aid in detect abnormalities present such as glaucoma (the second leading cause of blindness in Nigeria), identify changes in the eyes due to diabetes, macular degeneration (another cause of vision loss) and other problems that can affect your driving, your risk of falls, workplace safety and quality of life in general.